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Proprietary/Individual Company

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Proprietary Company Registration

Proprietary Company

A proprietorship is a type of business structure in India where one person owns and operates the business. It is a common business structure for small businesses with low investment requirements. Proprietorships do not require any formal registration, and can be started from home or on a premise with a minimal amount.

In a proprietorship, the owner has complete control over the business and bears all of the risks and profits. The owner can appoint people to help with the business, but the ownership remains solely with them.

Many local businesses, such as grocery stores, salons, boutiques, retail stores, and small traders and manufacturers, are established as proprietorships.


Anyone who wants to start a business with less investment and control over the business can opt for a sole proprietorship.

Proprietorship is the simplest and most common form of business structure in India. It is easy to set up and does not require any formal registration. The owner has complete control over the business and bears all of the risks and profits.

Some examples of businesses that can be operated as sole proprietorships include:

  • Grocery stores
  • Salons
  • Boutiques
  • Retail stores
  • Small traders and manufacturers
  • Freelancers
  • Consultants


Easy to set up and manage: Sole proprietorship is the simplest form of business structure, and can be started by one person with minimal paperwork and no compliance requirements.
Low startup costs: Sole proprietorships are relatively inexpensive to start, as there are no registration or incorporation fees.
Complete control: Sole proprietors have complete control over their business, including all decision-making.
Pass-through taxation: Sole proprietors report their business income on their personal tax return, which can be beneficial for businesses with low profits.


Unlimited liability: Sole proprietors are personally liable for all business debts and liabilities. This means that if the business cannot afford to pay its debts, the owner's personal assets may be at risk.
No perpetual succession: A sole proprietorship ends when the owner dies or becomes incapacitated. This can make it difficult to raise capital or expand the business.
Difficulty raising funds: It can be difficult for sole proprietors to raise funds from investors or lenders, as they are not considered to be separate legal entities from their owners.

Overall, sole proprietorship is a good option for small businesses with low startup costs and a high degree of owner involvement. However, it is important to be aware of the potential risks, such as unlimited liability and difficulty in raising funds.

Documents Required

Documents required for registration of Sole Proprietorship in India are:

  • Aadhaar card
  • PAN card
  • Registered office proof
    • Electricity bill
    • Rent agreement
    • Property tax receipt

Benefits of Proprietary Company:

  • There is no seperate tax filing for company and owner, both are same
  • One person can run any number of companies
  • Proprietary companies can be formed very easy without any prior name approval and tedious company formation
  • It can be fromed in a single day.
  • All the decisions regarding company benefits can be taken by proprietary company without consulting anyone.

Procedure for Proprietorship Company Registration

Establishing a proprietorship company is a popular choice for many entrepreneurs due to its simplicity and ease of setup. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to register a proprietorship:

1.Determine Business Name: Choose a unique name for your business. While not mandatory to register, a distinct business name helps establish your brand identity.

2. Register for GST (Goods and Services Tax): If your business's annual turnover exceeds the specified threshold, currently Rs. 20 lakhs, GST registration is mandatory. It's a crucial tax registration for trading goods and services in India.

3. Open a Bank Account: Open a business bank account in the name of your proprietorship. It's essential to maintain a clear distinction between personal and business finances.

4. Obtain Necessary Licenses and Permits: Depending on your business type and activities, acquire any specific licenses or permits required by your industry or local authorities. For instance, under the Shops and Establishment Act, secure the necessary registration for your business location.

5. Optional Registrations: While not mandatory, consider additional registrations like Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise (MSME) registration for possible benefits and support for small-scale enterprises.

6. Documentation: Prepare and gather the necessary documents, which typically include proof of identity, address, PAN card, bank account details, and any industry-specific licenses.

7. Registration Process: Visit the relevant government portal or approach the appropriate authorities to initiate the registration process. This may differ based on your state or union territory.

8. Commence Operations: Once registered, ensure compliance with regulatory obligations and embark on your business operations.

Why Ecfile

Ecfile can help you get your proprietorship company registration in India by providing the following services:

  • Document preparation: Ecfile can help you prepare all of the required documents for the proprietorship company registration process, including the PAN card application, bank account application, and registration certificate application.
  • Application submission: Ecfile can submit the proprietorship company registration application on your behalf, ensuring that all of the required documentation is complete and accurate.
  • Follow-up: Ecfile can follow-up with the government on your behalf to ensure that your proprietorship company registration application is being processed and that you receive your registration certificate in a timely manner.
  • Ecfile can also provide you with guidance and support throughout the proprietorship company registration process. Ecfile's team of experts is familiar with the proprietorship company registration requirements and can help you to avoid any common pitfalls.



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